SECURE INTERNET BROWSING THAT PROTECTS YOUR PRIVACY

PROXY SERVER, VPN SERVER, BROWSER EXTENSIONS, ADBLOCKERS

FIREFOX, TOR, ONION, BRAVE, OPERA

Why did i publish this webpage anyway ?

My family and friends do use Windows computers, Android and iOS smartphones.I often get questions about security and/or privacy. Although i am not an engineer, this webpage could be useful for them, but also for any other person.
This webpage will not describe how you can create 100% anonymity as an internet user. This webpage is for any person who just want to gain more control about security and privacy once they are accessing the internet with popular Operating Systems and their related popular webbrowsers and/or apps.

If you want to create 100% anonimity on the internet, the below options (not described in this webpage) could be useful for you:
(1) Whonix
https://www.whonix.org/
(2) Tails

https://tails.boum.org/
(3) Signal Messenger
https://signal.org/

This webpage starts with some basic technology.

After that i describe the privacy minded latest popular web browsers.
In case you feel that i write something in a wrong way, just sent me an email at info@xs2.com.

 

https://browserleaks.com/

As you can see, once you open above weblink, it's easy to trace a person once this person is on the internet.

This does not mean that you have to be afraid for this.

After all, many things have changed in the past years regarding how devices communicate.
Actually all communication between devices have a certain way of encryption, which makes it extremely difficult to spy on you.
At above browserleaks website, you can easily see that you are visible on the internet (actually for anybody).
However because all types of encryption such as HTTPS it will be difficult for others to see what the content is of your communication over the internet or between devices.
They can see that you communicate, but not what you communicate.

Example:
You connect to a website nowadays with the HTTPS encrypted protocol.
And browsers can be configured to accept only HTTPS encrypted protocol:
Thus such a browser is not allowed to connect to a website that uses HTTP not encrypted protocol.

 

Security:
Therefore, contrary to all commercials:

You do not need a paid subscription for a VPN service that offers extra strong encryption.
The extra strong VPN encryption exists only in the tunnel between you and the VPN server.

Once your communication leaves the VPN server (the endpoint of the VPN tunnel) to connect to for example a website, that communication is based on encrypted HTTPS (if you enabled that) or other types of encryption.

But still VPN services offer some extra advantages regarding security and privacy.
VPN services are also described below in this webpage.

Privacy:
Nowadays the privacy problem partly exists because of privacy unfriendly webbrowsers connecting to websites that are tracking and tracing you. Basically all websites use cookies (and much more). Until several years ago most webbrowsers could not be configured to protect your privacy. However times are changing.There are a number of good privacy friendly webbrowsers nowadays.And if they are not privacy friendly, you can make them so, simply by adding extensions or add-ons.

Collecting browsing behaviour:

Google is the king in collecting data.                                                     

Most web browsers allow many tracker cookies to monitor your activity.                                                        

The fact that browsers give others the possibility to track you, enables them to create profiles of your interests and activities.
This can be sold to third parties and used targeting advertisements at you.                                                   

Thus based on gathering information about you, you will see personalized commercials.
Even your data (webbrowsing behaviour, interests, age, location etc etc etc) is worth money.

 

So basically the best way, is to surf the internet with a browser that will no give others the possibility to track you.
Or configure your browser in such a way that your privacy is protected.

Cookies and third-party cookies:

So most browsers collect data.
This is for example done by placing cookies at your computer.
Switching from website to website is collected by placing cookies in your browser.
This information is then collected (together with your IP-address) and sold to advertising companies.

Regularly cleanup your browser history (including cookies) or prevent (at visiting a website) 
that the website is using cookies (which it will store on your computer) to track you.

IP Address:

Each internet connection has its own unique public IP address:
Computer or device - Internal IP address - Wifi or Cable Modem Router  - Public IP address - Internet

Computer or device - Internal IP address - 3G/4G/5G Smartphone with WiFi hotspot - Public IP address - Internet

So your router or smartphone (using 3G/4G/5G) has an public IP address to connect to the internet.
Each computer or device or smartphone-device connected to the router OR connected to a mobile hotspot (of a smartphone) has it's own unique internal IP address.

The public (external) IP address will normally always be visible for everybody:
The public (external) IP address belongs to you exclusively.
Thus therefore it is easy to identify you. It is a unique number that is related to you.
If your internal IP address is publicly visible, then that is not really an issue:
Because internal IP addresses are always the same for any user worldwide.
Thus therefore it is difficult to identify you based on an internal IP address.

 

Example:
Router connects to Internet.
Router gets a public IP address of your Internet provider.
Public IPv4-address looks like this:
101.137.20.80
Public IPv6-address looks like this:
404:0:8239:ff17:1db3:b103:662e:ca19

Note: 404:0:8239:ff17:1db3:b103:662e:ca19 is an IPv6 version.

IPv6 is a new system to create IP addresses,because the IPv4 system was getting completely full (to many internet users)

Each router has a built in Firewall.
Behind this Firewall is your private network in your house.
Behind this Firewall (in your house) devices can connect to your router.
Router can give each of your devices an internal IP address in the following range:
192.168.1.0 to 192.169.1.255 (this example is IPv4)

Example:
User Interface to control your router will be:
192.168.1.1
Your computer will be:
192.168.1.2
Your smartphone will be:

192.169.1.3
And so on, and so on…

The router or mobile hotspot gives and IP address automatically to a device, which is called DHCP = Dynamic IP address.
This means that the IP address of a device can change. 

There is also the possibility (for routers mostly, not for smartphone mobile hotspots) that you assign a fixed or static IP address to your device: 
For example to a printer, of which it will be more easy to connect to it at always the same IP address.


In your house, thus behind the router:
You can type the IP address in your browser to access (try to access) the router or any connected device.

The router will use NAT (Network Address Translation) to change the internal IP addresses (for example your smartphone) to one public IP address.

You can check your IP address below:
https://browserleaks.com/ip

DNS - Domain Name System or Domain Name Servers:

You need NS Name Server(s) to translate domain names to a number.
Number = IP address.

Website name = Domain Name

Basically the Domain Name is hosted at a computer with a specific IP address. 

A particular domain name does not have to be for ever tied to one particular computer !
This is because the link between a particular domain and a particular IP address can be changed quickly and easily.
This change will then be recognised by the entire Internet within 48 hours thanks to the constantly updating DNS infrastructure.

 

The most common types of records stored in the DNS database are for Start of Authority (SOA), IP addresses (A and AAAA), 
SMTP mail exchangers (MX), name servers (NS), pointers for reverse DNS lookups (PTR), and domain name aliases (CNAME)

 

A
Computer / Device / Website has and IPv4 number:
Looks like: 101.137.20.80
AAAA
Computer / Device / Website has an IPv6 number.
2404:0:8239:ff17:1db3:b103:662e:ca19
MX
Email Servers
Google Example
ASPMX.L.GOOGLE.COM
ALT1.ASPMX.L.GOOGLE.COM
ALT2.ASPMX.L.GOOGLE.COM
ALT3.ASPMX.L.GOOGLE.COM
ALT4.ASPMX.L.GOOGLE.COM
NS
Simply explained:
A number is associated to a name.
Because you will for example type in the name of a website = domain name.
(which is actually a number)
So basically you can also type in the IP address of a website to visit that site.
So you need NS = Name Server(s) to translate numbers to names.
CNAME
C=Canonical = Related to (That is actually the explanation of the word canonical)

Example:
Each number can have different "doors" (so called ports) to access the device or website which is operating at a certain number. 
Number = IP-addres.
A
IPv4 Address:101.137.20.80 operating at for example port 20 for FTP connection.
AAAA
IPv6 Address:2404:0:8239:ff17:1db3:b103:662e:ca19 operating for example at port 443 for a secure HTTPS connection.

Option 1:
Check all Privacy Settings of your Operating Sytem,
but also your browser(s), all your installed software and installed apps.

This will cost you many hours because each device and it's apps and software are different. 
But this is important to do.

Basically the best solution is to use open-source Operating Systems:
Linux from a non-profit organisation.
Open-source operating systems and/or open-source software mostly do not collect information. 
Especially once it is developed by a non-profit organisation.
For beginners Ubuntu Linux is a good start.
It has an app-store and it can even be used for gaming with Steam.
(as long as the game or Steam allow you to use this game under Linux)

A computer with the Linux Operating System can be a full replacement of a Windows or Mac-computer that respects your privacy.
This is certainly the case once you compare a Linux based computer with a Windows computer
(Microsoft-account) or an Apple computer/smartphone (Apple Account)

For Windows computers:
You can still use it with a local account (thus not logged in with a Microsoft Account) but after 
that you should use programs (such as browser) that does not collect your information

For smartphones there is no good open-source Operating-System.

But please be noted that Apple basically collects less information ! 

Option 2:
Surfing the web in a browser with "privacy mode" or "incognito mode".

Almost all browsers have a so called option:
"privacy" or "incognito"
These modes are designed primarily to prevent data and history associated with a particular browsing session from persisting on the device, or being discovered by another user of the same device.
Private browsing modes do not necessarily protect users from being tracked by other websites (cookies) or their Internet Service Provider (ISP), hackers, government.

Option 3:
Use a Secure Search Engine such as "DuckDuckGo".

DuckDuckGo is available as an extension for most browsers.
 

DuckDuckGo is also available as a standalone browser on Android and/or IOS devices:

DuckDuckGo says that setting the DuckDuckGo browser as your default browser, it will provide protection from trackers:
It is blocking third-party tracking requests outright as well as offering greater privacy for web searches and browsing.

 

For iPhone Users starting from iOS14:
DuckDuckGo can even be set as the default browser app by installing DuckDuckGo browser from Apple's App Store.
Open up the Settings app, select DuckDuckGo in the apps list, and then tap on Default Browser App.

Note:
Nowadays Apple allows you to use different browsers, which was already many years possible in all other operating systems.

 

DuckDuckGo uses its web crawler, DuckDuckBot, and up to 400 other sources to compile its search results,including other search engines like Bing, Yahoo, and Yandex, and crowdsourcing sites like Wikipedia.
So it has totally different search results compared to Google search.
However if you search video's and click on a search result of Youtube, you will get below message:
YouTube (owned by Google) does not let you watch videos anonymously.
As such, watching YouTube videos here will be tracked by YouTube/Google

Privacy Wa

https://www.duckduckgo.com

Option 4:
Use extensions or add-ons that work within your browser.
They block advertisements and many more...

https://medium.com/digitalprivacywise/best-browser-extensions-to-protect-digital-privacy-db9317a90df8|
Above website describes it clearly.

Quote:
"
If you concern Privacy, you should definitely move away from all the Google products." 

"But, we will leave it to you to decide which browser you are most comfortable with."


Below is a short copy of their text, and i added some weblinks.
I changed the categories from category 1 until categegory 4.
Whereas category 1 is the strongest protection, but for many people not user friendly.
At least category 2,3,4 should be installed in your browser, if it is possible to install extensions or add-ons.

 

These extensions or add-ons will work on all the popular desktop browsers for:Windows10 and Firefox browser for Android.

The below video explains the difference between Apps, Extensions, Addons.

Option 4a: Browser Extension - Category 1 - Script Blockers - Block Scripts

NoScript
Non-Profit.
Open-Source

Allows JavaScript, Java, Flash and other plugins to be executed only by trusted web sites of your choice (e.g. your online bank)
Only for  privacy paranoid persons. For advanced or power users. If you don’t understand the technicalities you should not install it. As soon as you install this extension, almost all websites will stop working, but you can manually adjust settings per each website. NoScript's HTTPS enhancement features have been used by the Electronic Frontier Foundation as the basis of its HTTPS Everywhere add-on. For me, it is a great tool to analyze any website.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NoScript

Option 4b: Browser Extension - Category 2 - Encrypt Everything

HTTPS Everywhere

Non-Profit.
Open-Source.

When your browser connects you to unsecured HTTP websites, HTTPS Everywhere will redirect it to an encrypted HTTPS version of the website. But, it can only do that if such version is available.You can also configure this extension only to accept HTTPS connections.The option "Encrypt All Sites Eligible" makes it possible to block and unblock all non-HTTPS browser connections with one click.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTTPS_Everywhere

Option4c: Browser Extension - Category 3 - Block Trackers

Privacy Badger
Non-Profit.
Open-Source.

Anti-tracking extensions protect your online anonymity by preventing your browsing from tracking. Many advertisers use cookies to track where you go and what you do on the Web, usually without your consent. Unlike adblockers, the anti-tracking extensions block cookies and protect you from tracking. They help keep you invisible in the eyes of third-party advertisers. When Privacy Badger detects a tracking source across different websites, it blocks it. If the content is essential to a webpage functionality, Privacy Badger will allow it to load: But it will block all the tracking capabilities.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Privacy_Badger

Option4d: Browser Extension - Category 4 - Block Advertisements

Ublock Origin
Non-Profit.
Open-Source.

Almost all the websites integrate with some advertisement networks.The most wide-spread ad network is Google AdSense. Besides Google, there are thousands advertisement networks active on the internet. These ad networks don’t only display advertisements. They also track everything about human behavior to show most relevant advertisements. It’s called targeted or personalized advertising. 
While blocking ads, sometime adblockers can also break the functionality of a website. But, today’s adblockers have become intelligent enough. Most extensions work on default settings for best user experience. You may find 2 different versions of uBlock. Be careful to install “uBlock Origin” only. uBlock Origin helps keep you safe by providing an easy to use ad-free web browsing experience. It uses less memory than others, so it doesn’t slow down your browsing experience. It blocks more ads than any other adblocker. It gives you more control over which ads to block and which ads to allow.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UBlock_Origin

Option 5:
Surfing the web using a Web Proxy Server.

This is mostly for connecting to websites, contrary to a VPN that connects all your apps to the internet.
The web proxy server is a middle-man between you and the website that you visit.
Basically the traffic between you - your web proxy server - the website - is encrypted in a different way then a VPN server.
(mostly communication will use https instead of http communication between you - proxyserver - the visited website)

The web proxy server hides your public IP address and makes it seem like you are somewhere else.
The web proxy server is another computer (not your personal computer) with it's own public IP address. So your own public IP address is not visible for others.

However a web proxy server (mostly) cannot encrypt the traffic between you and the web proxy server such as a VPN server does. Using a proxy server it will be difficult for (a) hackers (b) government (c) Internet Service Provider to collect certain data about you. But actually, and that is mostly the case, the possibility that they really can look in all information that you sent over the internet is extremely small.

Using a proxy server:
It  will be difficult for others to create a profile of you, because you are not the web proxy server, 
and it's public IP-address does not belong to you. But i do not recommend a proxy server for normal general users, because it needs some time to configure it...


Please be noted that if you use Google Chrome with Google Search, Gmail or Gdrive, your identity is revealed (at least for Google).This is because in this case you use Google services by logging in to your Google Account.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proxy_server

Option 6a:
Surfing the web in a browser that connects to the internet using the Tor-network:

Anonymity-network.

This requires a very specific browser:
Non-profit.

Open Source.
The Tor browser (desktop computers and Android ) and Onion browser (iOS).
Besides the browser, some VPN-providers gives you the ability in their software and or apps to acces s the Tor network.
But you need a Tor or Onion browser to surf on the Tor network.

Tor's intended use is to protect the personal privacy of its users, as well as their freedom and ability to conduct confidential communication by keeping their Internet activities unmonitored.
Tor does not prevent an online service from determining that it is being accessed through Tor.
As a result, some websites restrict or even deny access through Tor.

For example, Wikipedia blocks attempts by Tor users to edit articles unless special permission is given.

Tor as a network of 7000 computers worldwide all having its own IP adresses, splitting up your information, bringing you to the internet, and encrypting your data.

It also gives you acces to the Dark Web.
Websites at the Dark Web mostly end as .onion.

The Dark Web is part of the internet that isn't visible to search engines and requires the use of an anonymizing browser such as Tor to be accessed.
DuckDuckGo has an .onion searchpage that can search .onion websites. But you need a Tor enabled browser to open below weblink:

https://3g2upl4pq6kufc4m.onion/

Note:

The Brave browser (at least the Windows version) also gives you the ability to access the Tor network.
However only the original Tor browser is advised to be really secure for accessing the Tor network.

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tor_(anonymity_network)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tor_(anonymity_network)#Tor_Browser

Option 6b:
Change your Android smartphone in a VPN with Orbot. It connects to the internet using the Tor-network: 
Anonymity-network.

If you do not want to use the Android Tor browser to hide your IP-address, then you must choose a VPN service provider. Another possibility to hide your IP-address, is to install the open-source secure Orbot app for Android devices: The Orbot app transforms your complete smartphone into a VPN-device.You can set Orbot as VPN for all your installed apps, or just for selected apps.
This includes all your messenger apps such as Whatsapp, Line, Wechat, Skype. However if using voice, some messenger apps use the UDP protocol (e.g. Whatsapp) for voice and then only text messages will work. Line, Wechat, Skype somehow can use Voice over the Tor-network, this probably has to do with the fact that they use TDP protocol for voice once TDP protocol can not be used. The Orbot app is extremely useful once a government blocks the use of certain applications.

 

https://guardianproject.info/apps/org.torproject.android/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orbot 

Option 7:
Surfing the web (partially strongly encrypted) using a VPN-server.

What is the advantage of using a VPN server ?
(1)
Safety and security because very strong encryption.
Please be noted that once your communication leaves the VPN server to the internet,
your communication is the same as you do communicate without a VPN server.

(2)
Anonimity.
(3)
Breaking geo-restrictions so you can use services that are blocked in your country.

Note:
Very useful in China...
(4)
Using public networks such as public Wi-Fi hotspots.

Basically this looks like the Tor-network.
But a VPN service provider has many other features and higher speeds.

 

What are the disadvantages of a VPN server ?
(1)
Lower download and upload speed because of encryption and location (if far away) of VPN server.
(2)
Latency (delay) because of encryption and location (if far away) of VPN server.
(3)
Costs.

(4)
Trust.
Do you trust the VPN service provider more then your ISP Internet Service Provider ?

 

A VPN server is not only for connecting to websites !
It can replace all communication between you and others over the internet.

The VPN server is a middle-man between you and the website (but not limited to this only).
The communication between you and the VPN server has several extremely strong encryption possibilities.
The VPN server hides your IP address and makes it seem like you are somewhere else.
The VPN server is another computer (not your personal computer) with it's own public IP address, so your own public IP address is not visible for others.
.

Using a VPN server it will be difficult for (a) hackers (b) government (c) Internet Service Provider to collect certain data about you.
But actually, and that is mostly the case, the possibility that they really can look in all information that you sent over the internet is extremely small.
But if you use Google Chrome with Google Search, Gmail or Gdrive, your identity is revealed (at least for Google).
This is because mostly you use Google services by logging in to your Google Account.

It could be that for example Netflix knows the IP addresses of the VPN-service computers,
so then they could or will be blocked for using Netflix.


Most free-VPN services are not good.
Besides that, why should they be for free?
It all comes to collecting data.
Collecting data is worth a lot of money.
This data is sold to any party that needs data.
Even your data (webbrowsing behaviour, interests, age, location etc etc etc) is worth money.

 

If you need reliable paid VPN services:
ExpressVPN
NordVPN

SurfShark

Note:
Surfshark gives you unlimited bandwith and unlimited devices.
Note:
CleanWeb by Surfshark is an adblocker for unlimited simultaneous devices.
It is built-in to Surfshark's VPN app.
It blocks ads and provides robust protection against malware, trackers, and phishing attempts.
Therefore pages can load faster when advertisements are not using up bandwidth.
(well, that is their sales pitch..but it is partially true)

 

But let's face it: Do you trust the VPN provider more then your regular Internet Service provider? That's a choice you have to make...
 

If you search a VPN server or VPN provider you must at least check following:
(1)
Streaming services unblocked:
Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, BBC iPlayer, Hulu, Sling TV, HBO, DAZN, Kayo
(2)
Platforms supported:
Windows, Mac, Android, iOS, Linux
(3)
Compatible devices:
Amazon Fire TV, Chromecast, Apple TV, Roku, PlayStation, Xbox
(4)
Number of servers:
Please be noted that some VPN providers use virtual servers that they include in the number of total servers.
(5)
Server locations worldwide:
Please be noted that some do not have servers in China, because China's government  is always trying to control the internet.
(6)
How many devices do they support?
If they only support 5 devices, but you and your famliy have 10 devices, then it does not match.
If you can connect unlimited devices that should be great.
(7)
Do they provide an adblocker service ?
(8)
Find information about the performance, especially when you are a gamer:
This could be tested if the VPN-provider has a free trial version.
The paid version will probably generate better performance.

How much will your download speed slow down if using a VPN-provider?
Measure this with OOKLA speedtest and compare it in Mbps = Megabits per second

How much will your upload speed slow down if using a VPN-provider?
Measure this with OOKLA speedtest and compare it in Mbps = Megabits per second

How much will your Latency = Delay increase if using a VPN-provider?
Measure this with OOKLA speedtest and compare the PING in ms = milliseconds

Option 8:
Choose a browser with specific features. 
Meaning that they do not collect your data, or at least limited data collection. 

If you choose a browser you should check the following facts:
(1)
Is the developer a non-profit or profit-seeking organisation.
A profit-seeking organisation probably is more willing to sell collected data.
(2)
Does the browser warn you about websites that are malicious (such as phishing and/or malware) and also block them.
(3)
Can you disable a loading script once a script attacks you.
(4)
Can you disable (block) fingerprinting ?
Once you visit a website, your browser sends information about your Operating System, Screen resolution, Location.
https://browserleaks.com/webrtc
(5)
Is the browser open-source ?
So security experts and tech-nerds can review security gaps.
(6)
Does the browser scan your downloads ?
Because a download file can harm your computer.

You can also combine these desktop browsers with extensions or add-ons and/or a VPN provider.
Note:
Using a VPN-provider in combination with Tor browsers is great for paranoid persons.
Note:
Most desktop browsers can install "Google Translate" extensions.
So switching from Google's Chrome to another browser is not a big deal.

But hey...then Google has access to your information...
.

If you do still want to use Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Apple's Safari browser and want to keep your privacy.
Then you must follow below steps:
(1)
Always start your browser in incognito or private mode.
(2)
Do not login (or only sometimes) in Google or Microsoft Account or Apple account.
This will be a tough job...
(3)
Enable any extra's that these browser have in their settings regarding: 
(a) content blocking filters (b) privacy
(4)
Install (if possible extensions) that can help you protect your privacy.
(5)
Change the default search engine to a privacy-minded website, like DuckDuckGo.
(6)
Install open-source extensions such a HTTPS everywhere, Privacy Badger, Ublock Origin. 
These extensions will do the job automatically for you. You can even install the open-source extension NoScript: If you think this one is to complicated it's easy to disable it. And once you have time simply enable it. 

(7)
Always clear your cache and history when you shut down your browser.
(8)
Only use HTTPS (which is encrypted) between you and the websites that you visit.
You can configure the extension HHTPS Everywhere so that it only connects to HTTPS, thus refusing to connect to HTTP.
(9)
And you can also add as extra the use of a Proxyserver, VPN server or for Android the open-source Orbot VPN app.

Option 9:
Besides using a browser that protects your identity, keep following in mind:

Microsoft Windows10:
No need to install antivirus software.
Integrated Windows Defender automatically scans files as you download.
So you do not need to scan them individually

Microsoft Windows10:
Browser Google Chrome scans downloads for viruses.

Microsoft Windows10:
Browser Mozilla Firefox scans downloads for viruses.

 

Ubuntu Linux:
No, you do not need an Antivirus (AV) on Ubuntu to keep it secure.
You need to employ other "good hygiene" precautions.
So contrary to all  misleading answers and comments on the internet: 
Anti-virus is not among them.

Google Android:
No, you do not need an Antivirus (AV) on Android to keep it secure.
You need to employ other "good hygiene" precautions.
So contrary to all  misleading answers and comments on the internet: 
Anti-virus is not among them.

Apple iOS:
Does not alert you of viruses, malware, or other system risks.
In fact, the iOS on an iPhone is very secure and unless you have jail broken the device, you will not get a virus.

Windows10 (Gecko core-engine browsers that allow to install extensions)

Windows10 Internet Browsers Windows10 Internet Browsers

The best choice is to choose a browser from a non-profit organisation.
Tor Browser is a specific version of Mozilla's Firefox browser.
Tor Browser automatically connects to the Tor network.
It will hide your IP-address.
You better leave the Tor browser as it is, do not add extra add-ons.
Tor Browser and Mozilla Firefox browser are based on the Gecko based core-engine.

 

Tor Browser
Directly connects to Tor network
Hides your IP-address

Non-profit organisation
Open-Source

Mozilla Firefox
Non-profit organisation
Open-Source

 

You can install extensions within Firefox by going to the Firefox Browser ADD-ONS.

Script Blocker:
NoScript

Already installed in Tor browser.
This is an option in Mozilla Firefox.
Not intended for people that do not want to check each webpage manually.
https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/noscript/? utm_source=addons.mozilla.org&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=search


Encryption:
HTTPS Everywhere

Already installed in Tor browser.

This is an option in Mozilla Firefox.
Recommended to install this in Mozilla Firefox browser.

https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/https-everywhere/?utm_source=addons.mozilla.org&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=search

Block Trackers:
Privacy Badger

Not installed in Tor browser.
Not recommended to install this in Tor Browser.

This is an option in Mozilla Firefox browser.
Recommended to install this in Mozilla Firefox browser.
https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/privacy-badger17/?utm_source=addons.mozilla.org&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=search

Block Advertisements:
Ublock Origin

Not installed in Tor browser.
Not recommended to install this in Tor Browser.
This is an option in Mozilla Firefox browser.

Recommended to install this in Mozilla Firefox browser.
https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/ublock-origin/?utm_source=addons.mozilla.org&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=search


For most browsers:
After you install the extensions.
Pin them to taskbar of the browser, so they are easy to reach

Hiding your IP-address:
f you do not want to use the Gecko-based Tor browser to hide your IP-address, then you must choose a VPN service provider.

Windows10 (Blink core-engine browsers that allow to install extensions)

Windows10 Internet Browsers Windows10 Internet Browsers

Below browsers are based on the Blink core-engine.
Several browsers are possible.
The best choice is to choose a browser from a non-profit organisation.
Regarding below browsers, if you do not install addons or extensions:
Then you have to trust the specifications of the developer regarding Script Blocking, HTTPS anywhere, Blocking Trackers, Blocking Advertisements.
If any of these functions are integrated.

 

Chromium browser
Non-profit organisation

Open Source

Google Chrome browser
Profit-seeking organisation

Microsoft Edge browser
Profit-seeking organisation

Brave Browser
Integrated HTTPS everywhere
Integrated Adblocker
Privacy tabs connect  to Tor network
Hides your IP-address

Profit-seeking organisation

Comes with one add-on installed:
Malware Bytes Browser Guard.
Note:Just delete this add-on.
This browser is developed for persons that needs an easy switch from Chrome to another browser that respects privacy more.

Please be noted that only the Tor browser is the best way to connect to the Tor network.


Opera Browser
Integrated Adblocker
Integrated simple free VPN  function

Profit-seeking organisation

But still logs the integrated VPN usage, so not one hundred percent private.
Basically this is a proxy server that encrypts the datatraffic.
You can choose three locations to connect to the internet:
Asia, Europe, Americas.
It will give you a new IP-address and it will use Google DNS-servers.
Which is doubtful of course.

The so called "VPN" function only works within the browser.
So other ways of communication between you and the internet are not protected by this so called "VPN".
Please be noted that Opera (one of the first good browsers) nowadays has been bought by a Chinese company.
Which is also doubtful of course.
Despite these cons, this is still a good browser:

A simple way to change your IP address and change your DNS servers.
Because changing the DNS servers will make it more difficult to trace you.

Downloading and Uploading with the integrated VPN does not decrease the speed a lot, which is good.
Latency (delay) will increase 10 times, so not really suitable for gaming.

 

For all above browsers you can install extensions by going to the Chrome Web Store.

I can not generate a hyperlink here otherwise Chrome Web Store will mention that it is incompatible.
But just copy and paste the below address in any Blink core-engine based browser, and you can install any Chrome extension.
https://chrome.google.com/webstore/category/extensions

If you go to above address with another browser then Chrome such as Chromium, Edge, Brave, Opera.
Confirm that you want to install Chrome extensions
.
Click "Add to Chrome" or "Add to Brave" or "Add to Opera", even when you are not in the Chrome browser.
After that, the Chrome extension will be installed in any Blink-based browser such as Edge, Brave, Opera,
Copy and paste the below addresses in any Blink based browser.

Script Blocker:
NoScript

Not intended for people that do not want to check each webpage manually.
https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/noscript/doojmbjmlfjjnbmnoijecmcbfeoakpjm

Encryption:
HTTPS Everywhere

Recommended to install in any browser if possible.
https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/https-everywhere/gcbommkclmclpchllfjekcdonpmejbdp

Block Trackers:
Privacy Badger

Recommended to install in any browser if possible.
https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/privacy-badger/pkehgijcmpdhfbdbbnkijodmdjhbjlgp

Block Advertisements:
Ublock Origin

Recommended to install in any browser if possible.
https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/ublock-origin/cjpalhdlnbpafiamejdnhcphjbkeiagm

 

For most browsers:
After you install the extensions.
Pin them to taskbar of the browser, so they are easy to reach

Hiding your IP-address:
If you do not want to use the Gecko-based Tor browser to hide your IP-address, then you must choose a VPN service provider.

Alternatively you can do following:
(a) Use the Brave browser in "private" "incognito" tabs and connect to the Tor network.
(b) Use the Opera browser, enable the integrated VPN and change your IP-location to Asia, Europe or America's.

Android (Gecko core-engine browsers that allow to install extensions)

Android Internet Browsers Android Internet Browsers

The best choice is to choose a browser from a non-profit organisation.
Tor browser is a specific version of Mozilla's Firefox browser.
You better leave the Tor browser as it is, do not add extra add-ons.
Tor browser automatically connects to the Tor network.
It will hide your IP-address.
Tor browser and Mozilla Firefox browser are based on the Gecko based core-engine.

 

Tor browser
Integrated HTTPS everywhere

Connects direcly to Tor network
Hides your IP-address

Non-profit organisation

Open-Source

Mozilla Firefox browser
Non-profit organisation

Open-Source


You can install extensions as described below:

After installation of your browser.
You can install extensions by tapping at "Settings" and after that at "Add-ons". 
A list with Add-ons will appear.

 

Script Blocker:
NoScript

Already installed in Tor browser.
This is an option in Mozilla Firefox.
Not intended for people that do not want to check each webpage manually.

Encryption:
HTTPS Everywhere

Already installed in Tor browser.
This is an option in Mozilla Firefox.

Recommended to install this in Mozilla Firefox browser.
.
Block Trackers:
Privacy Badger

Not installed in Tor browser.
Not recommended to install this in Tor Browser.

This is an option in Mozilla Firefox browser.
Recommended to install this in Mozilla Firefox browser.

Block Advertisements:
Ublock Origin

Not installed in Tor browser.
Not recommended to install this in Tor Browser.
This is an option in Mozilla Firefox browser.

Recommended to install this in Mozilla Firefox browser.
 

Hiding your IP-address:
If you do not want to use the Android Tor browser to hide your IP-address, then you must choose a VPN service provider.
Another possibility to hide your IP-address, is to install the open-source secure Orbot app for Android devices:
The Orbot app transforms your complete smartphone into a VPN-device
You can setup Orbot for all apps or selected apps to use the Tor-network.

Android (Gecko core-engine browsers that DO NOT allow to install extensions)

Android Internet Browsers Android Internet Browsers

The best choice is to choose a browser from a non-profit organisation.
Below  browser has no  possibility to add extensions or add-ons:
So you have to trust the specifications of the developer regarding Script Blocking, HTTPS anywhere, Blocking Trackers. Blocking Advertisements. If any of these functions are integrated.

Mozilla Firefox Focus

Integrated Adblocker
Non-profit organisation
Open Source

Cannot add any extensions.
Because they want you to use its integrated Addblocker.

Focusses on the Integrated adblocker.
Light built browser with less browsing functions.
Perfect for people who do not want to have any search history on their device.
If you need tabmanagement or a full browser:
You can easily switch during browsing in Firefox Focus to any full browser in your device.
Will delete all history immediately once closing a webpage or once leaving the App.

 

Differences between Mozilla's Firefox - Firefox Focus: 

https://avoidthehack.com/firefox-vs-focus-real-difference

 

Hiding your IP-address:

If you do not want to use the Android Tor browser to hide your IP-address, then you must choose a VPN service provider.

Another possibility to hide your IP-address, is to install the open-source secure Orbot app for Android devices:
The Orbot app transforms your complete smartphone into a VPN-device
You can set Orbot as VPN for all your installed apps, or just for selected apps.

Android (Blink core-engine browsers that DO NOT allow to install extensions)

Android Internet Browsers Android Internet Browsers

The best choice is to choose a browser from a non-profit organisation.
Below  browsers do not have the possibility to add extensions or add-ons:
So you have to trust the specifications of the developer regarding Script Blocking, HTTPS anywhere, Blocking Trackers. Blocking Advertisements.
If any of these functions are integrated.

Chromium browser
not recommended

Non-profit organisation

Open Source

Google Chrome browser
Profit-seeking organisation

Microsoft Edge browser
Profit-seeking organisation

Brave browser
Integrated HTTPS everywhere
Integrated Adblocker

Profit-seeking organisation

Opera browser
Integrated Adblocker
Integrated simple free VPN  function

Profit-seeking organisation

But still logs the integrated VPN usage, so not one hundred percent private.
Basically this is a proxy server that encrypts the datatraffic.
You can choose three locations to connect to the internet:
Asia, Europe, Americas.
It will give you a new IP-address and it will use Google DNS-servers.
Which is doubtful of course.
The so called "VPN" function only works within the browser.
So other ways of communication between you and the internet are not protected by this so called "VPN".
Please be noted that Opera (one of the first good browsers) nowadays has been bought by a Chinese company.
Which is also doubtful of course.
Despite these cons, this is still a good browser:

A simple way to change your IP address and change your DNS servers.
Because changing the DNS servers will make it more difficult to trace you.
Downloading and Uploading with the integrated VPN does not decrease the speed a lot, which is good.
Latency (delay) will increase 10 times, so not really suitable for gaming.


Opera Mini browser
Integrated Adblocker

Profit-seeking organisation

 

Hiding your IP-address:

If you do not want to use the Android Tor browser to hide your IP-address, then you must choose a VPN service provider.

Another posibility to hide your IP-address, is to install the open-source secure Orbot app for Android devices:
The Orbot app transforms your complete smartphone into a VPN-device
You can set Orbot as VPN for all your installed apps, or just for selected apps.

Alternatively you can do following:

Use the Opera browser, enable the integrated VPN and change you IP-location to Asia, Europe or America's.

Apple iOS (Webkit core-engine browsers that DO NOT allow to install extensions)

Apple iOS Internet Browsers Apple iOS Internet Browsers

To set your preferred browser app as default in iOS 14, follow these steps.
Go to Settings, Scroll down and look for the browser.
Tap.
Default Browser App.
Set this one as default.


The best choice is to choose a browser from a non-profit organisation.
Below browsers do not have the possibility to add extensions or add-ons:
So you have to trust the specifications of the developer regarding Script Blocking, HTTPS anywhere, Blocking Trackers. Blocking Advertisements.
If any of these functions are integrated.

Apple Safari browser
Profit-seeking organisation

 

Onion browser
Integrated HTTPS Everywhere
Connects direcly to Tor network
Hides your IP-address

Non-profit organisation

Open Source

Note:
Apple requires all web browser apps to use the same core web rendering ending, called UIWebKit or WKWebView.
It could be that traffic  leaks outside of Tor due to iOS limitations:
https://github.com/OnionBrowser/OnionBrowser/wiki/Traffic-that-leaks-outside-of-Tor-due-to-iOS-limitations

 

 

Mozilla FireFox browser
Non-profit organisation

Open Source


Firefox Focus browser
Integrated Adblocker
Can be used standalone
Can also be used as Adblocker for Safari !

Non-profit organisation

Open Source

Light built browser with less browsing functions.
Perfect for people who do not want to have any search history on their device.
If you need tabmanagement or a full browser:
You can easily switch during browsing in Firefox Focus to any full browser in your device.
Will delete all history immediately once closing a webpage or once leaving the App.

 

Differences between Mozilla's Firefox - Firefox Focus: 

https://avoidthehack.com/firefox-vs-focus-real-difference
 

Chromium browser

Not available for iOS
Non-profit organisation

Open Source

Google Chrome browser
Profit-seeking organisation

Microsoft Edge browser
Profit-seeking organisation

Brave Browser
Integrated HTTPS everywhere
Integrated Adblocker

Profit-seeking organisation

Cannot make connection with internet via the Tor network.
In the Apple appstore it is advertised as Brave Private Browser & VPN.
The VPN function is a paid subscription in cooperation with Guardian.
The advertising is misleading.

Opera Touch browser
Integrated Adblocker

Profit-seeking organisation

 

Hiding your IP-address:

If you do not want to use the Onion Tor browser to hide your IP-address, then you must choose a VPN service provider.
There is no possibility to hide your IP-address with the open-source secure Orbot app. 
Orbot app is only for Android devices:
The Orbot app transforms your complete smartphone into a VPN-device.
You can set Orbot as VPN for all your installed apps, or just for selected apps
But only available for Android.

Notice of Non-Affiliation and Disclaimer from XS2 - Rene Eringaard.

I am not affiliated, associated, authorized, endorsed by, or in any way officially connected with any of the software, products, companies that are mentioned in this webpage. All product and company names are trademarks™ or registered® trademarks of their respective holders. By using them I do not imply any affiliation with or endorsement by them. This webpage is created in Januari 2021: Development of software changes very fast: The information on this webpage is provided “as is” per Januari 2021. 

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